Land founded the Polaroid company, and his instant photos became an instant hit. His first instant camera, the Model 95, went on sale in 1948 in Boston, Massachusetts. It sold out in minutes. Over the next few decades, Polaroid sold hundreds of millions of instant cameras and more than 1 billion packs of instant film. Other companies joined the instant-photo market in the 1980s.
“Instant film may be the most chemically complex product humans have ever invented,” says Stephen Herchen, the chief technology adviser at Polaroid. From camera flash to finished photo, the process requires a sequence of almost 50 chemical reactions!